Jurnal Ilmu ilmu Pertanian Vol 1 No 1 Juli 2005

MASYARAKAT PETANI DI TENGAH ARUS GLOBALISASI
(Peasant Community in The Globalization)

Tri Nugroho
Sekolah Tinggi Pembangunan Masyarakat Desa “APMD” Yogyakarta

ABSTRACT
Up to the present time, the life of peasant community enjoys not much changes: burdened with poverty, suffers, dependence and frequently be the victim of social injustice. The globalization current is indicated with profit hunting of the capital owners, meanwhile the neglecting of common welfare made their life worsened. It is not surprising when many of them just accept the bad fate, suffering life and impossibility to change. This article studying the characteristics, challenge and the globalization chance tries to seek alternative answers, those are the possibility to change and innovates their life, and accepting the bad fate is not a must.

Key Words: fate, challenge-chance, globalization, common welfare, civic accountability

Lihat Tulisan Lengkap atau Unduh Tulisan


KERANGKA PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT PEDESAAN MENUJU PEMBANGUNAN YANG BERKELANJUTAN
(Framework of Rural Community Empowerment Towards Sustainable Development)

Subejo dan Supriyanto
Penyuluhan dan Komunikasi Pertanian UGM

ABSTRACT
Rural community empowerment recently is becoming one of the central themes in the process of community development. The orientation of community development should be oriented in line and kept in pace with new approach of sustainable development. Community empowerment process can be simplified into some strategic environmental aspects of development which covering production, economic, social and ecological issues. Rural community should be facilitated and supported in order to have enough capabilities in utilizing own and local resources in the optimum way. Step of community empowerment process for rural community in brief are (1) identification and study on problems, potency and opportunities of rural people, (2) planning arrangement for group group activities based on previous identification, (3) implementation of group activities planning, and (4) monitoring and evaluation on process and activity results continuously.

Lihat Tulisan Lengkap atau Unduh Tulisan


SIKAP PETANI TERHADAP AKTIVITAS SEKTOR USAHATANI DI KAWASAN PERI URBAN YOGYAKARTA
(Farmer’s Attitude of The Farm Sector Activity in Peri Urban Yogyakarta)

Sapto Husodo
STPP Magelang Jurusan Penyuluhan Pertanian di Yogyakarta

ABSTRACT
Farm sector in peri urban area still plays important role in giving various benefit such as social, environmental and economic benefit to society. But the economic growth in urban area decreases the amount of farm land in peri urban area. So it was important to reveal how far farmer’s attitude on their farm activity in peri urban area. This research aim to analyze the willingness of farmer to leave or maintain their activity in farm sector in Yogyakarta peri urban area. The research located in peri urban area of Yogyakarta. The improved situation of farm activity will increase the amount of farmers who want remain to act in farm activity or even they want to leave the farm activity under certain condition, which shows that farm activity still being attractive to the farmer. But under this hypothetical situation of improved condition, the tendency of the farmer to leave farm activity under certain condition will go up in line with the increasing of land price and the experience length of the farmer in farm activity. Therefore the land price and experience duration in farm activity are the important factor in determining farmer readiness to leave farm activity.

Keywords: peri urban area, farm activity

Lihat Tulisan Lengkap atau Unduh Tulisan


EFISIENSI EKONOMI USAHATANI MELON DI KECAMATAN WEDI, KABUPATEN KLATEN
(Economic Efficiency of Melon Farm at Kabupaten Klaten)

Ananti Yekti
STPP Magelang Jurusan Penyuluhan Pertanian di Yogyakarta

ABSTRACT
The objectives of this study were to know: (1) the factor that affected income, and (2) the economic efficiency of melon farm. The study was conduct at desa Pesu and desa Jiwo Wetan, the main melon production area at kecamatan Wedi, kabupaten Klaten. The Method of sample selection was random with 60 respondents who planted melon on 2003. Some factors that affected the real income per hectare were real price of seed, real price of NPK fertilizer, real price of pesticides, real wage of hired labor and farm size. The melon farm per hectares were not economically efficient.

Keywords: melon, income, economic efficiency

Lihat Tulisan Lengkap atau Unduh Tulisan


DAMPAK PENYIMPANGAN IKLIM TERHADAP PERUBAHAN KARAKTERISTIK HUJAN DI PATUK, GUNUNGKIDUL
(Effect of Climate Deviation on Change of Rainfall Characteristic in Patuk, Gunungkidul)

Rajiman
STPP Magelang Jurusan Penyuluhan Pertanian di Yogyakarta

ABSTRACT
The climate had response of importance on plant growth and production. The climate elements to effecting to plant is rainfall (distribution and total). Rainfall of affecting to reckoning has distribution in agriculture. The objective of this research is : to look of effect El Nino and La Nina on characteristic and change of rainfall in Patuk Gunungkidul. This study used descriptive design to fact and fenomena response. Data collected from rainfall station in Putat (1980 – 2002), then analyzed an interpretation of climate deviation. The result research are: the rainfall after 1990 heigher from old years. Effect from El Nino of strong showed dry season leight duration ( 2 – 5 decade). Effect of La Nina on wet season of leight duration (3 decade month of October – 2 decade month of Juni).

Keywords: rainfall, el nino, la nina, deviation of climate

Lihat Tulisan Lengkap atau Unduh Tulisan


PENGARUH BLANCHING TERHADAP LAJU PENGERINGAN KADAR ASAM LEMAK BEBAS KOPRA
(The Effect of Blanching on Drying Rate and Free Fatty Acid Content of Copra)

Miftakhul Arifin
STPP Magelang Jurusan Penyuluhan Pertanian di Yogyakarta

ABSTRACT
Research was conducted to study the effect of blanching on drying rate, and the free fatty acid content of copra.
Blanching of copra was performed before drying. The moisture contents of copra determined before and during drying; while free fatty acids were only determined after drying. The experimental design used in the experiment was Completely Randomized Design, which consists of two factors namely the blanching periods i.e. 0; 5; 10 and 15 minutes, and the blanching methods i.e. steam blanching at atmospheric pressure and dipping in boiling water.
The result shows that the blanching treatment increases the drying rate, and reduces the free fatty acid contents. Blanching time affect both water evaporation rate and free fatty acid contents, however dipping in boiling water for 15 minutes inhibit water evaporation. Steam blanching treatment at atmospheric pressure for 15 minutes on the raw materials, produces the best copra, which has the greatest drying rate and the least free fatty acid as well.

Keywords: blanching, free fatty acid (FFA), copra, drying

Lihat Tulisan Lengkap atau Unduh Tulisan

 
 
 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *